Sri Balaji Biotech
58, Nehru Nagar, II Cross, IV Street, Hosur 635109
Mobile Nos 98651 67019, 9245448339
Banana tissue culture plants can be planted throughout the year in entire India. They are planted in small pits, each just enough to accommodate the base of a tissue culture plant. The planting-distance varies from 2m X 2m in the case of dwarf varieties to 4m X 4m in the case of very tall varieties.
MANURING. An application of 20 to 25 kg of farmyard manure, together with about 5 kg of wood-ashes per plant is given at planting time. In southern India, ammonium sulphate is applied one month, five months and nine months after planting 20 kg per hectare each time. In western India, a little over 2 kg of oilcake per stool is applied during the first three months after planting. A complete fertilizer mixture may be applied to supply 100 to 200 kg of N, 100 to 200 kg of P2O5 and 200 to 400 kg of K2O per hectare. A green-manure crop is also considered beneficial. Trials at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research have shown that for the 'Grand Naine' variety, a fertilizer mixture comprising 220 g of N + 110 g of P2O5 + 300 g of K2O per plant is ideal.
|Sl No||Age of the crop (weeks)||Duration in weeks||Fertilizer||Quantity Kg/acre/week||Total Qty. Kg/acre|
|Micronutrient, Calcium Nitrate||16.25||130|
|Sl. No.||Date of Application||Quantity of Fertilizer per Plant in Grams|
|6||230th day (Flower emerging)||60||30||120||20|
Foliar application of water soluble fertilizers: Weekly one spray of the following fertilizers are recommended, at the rate of 2, 5, 10 grams/lr of water depending on the age of the crop.
AFTER-CARE. The removal of suckers, dry leaves and pseudo-stems, from which the fruits have been harvested, constitute the main after-care. Daughter-suckers should be removed promptly until the mother-plant flowers, when one daughter-sucker may be allowed to take its place. The removal of dry leaves and useless pseudo-stems requires to be done in time. After all the fruits are formed, the pendant portion of the remaining inflorescence along with the heart should be removed.
The propping of plants with bamboo poles, especially those which have thrown out bunches, is necessary wherever damage by wind is apprehended. Where the wind damage is recurring, dwarf varieties should be preferred.
IRRIGATION. The banana-plants require very heavy irrigation. Irrigation is given in most places once in seven to ten days. Stagnation of water in the soils is not very congenial to the proper growth of banana and, hence, the drainage of soil is also essential. Drip irrigation is always recommended with a fertigation pump.
|Age of the crop||Approx. water requirement in liters/day/plant|
|1 to 60 days||8|
|61 to 90th day||16|
|91 to 120th day||24|
|121 to 150th day||32|
|151 to 180th day||40|
|181 to till emergence of flower||48|
|Bunch maturity phase||56|
Plant protection measures:
HARVESTING. The plant commence flowering in southern and western
India about seven months after planting, and the fruits take about three months
more to ripen. In the Andhra Pradesh delta areas, the fruits are ready for
harvesting about seven to eight months after planting. The first crop of the 'Grand
variety matures in 12 to 13 months and the second in 21 to 24 months after
planting. In other parts of India, the first crop is usually gathered a year
after planting, whereas the succeeding crop may be ready in six to ten months
The bunch is harvested just before it attains the ripening stage. When the fruits have reached the full size, they become plump, and mature with a distinct change in colour. For long transport, the bunch may be harvested somewhat earlier. The bunch is cut, retaining about 15 cm of the stem above the first hand. The yield varies considerably from 26,000 to 55,000 kg per hectare.
CURING AND MARKETING. The ripening of banana is done in several ways, e.g. exposing the bunches to the sun, placing them over a hearth, wrapping them in closed go-downs or smoking them in various ways. One of the common ways is to heap the fruits in a room and cover them with leaves, after which fire is lit in a corner and the room is closed and made as air-tight as possible. Ripening takes place usually in 30 to 48 hours. In a cool store, the bunches ripen well at about 15羚nt> to 20羚nt> C. The application of Vaseline, a layer of clay or coal-tar to the cut-ends of the stalks prevents rotting during ripening and storage. After emergence of flower, from the plant it is absolutely essential to cover the entire inflorescence with a blue color bag to improve the quality of fruits for the export market as done in Isreal.
Wrapping up the fruits and packing them in crates help to reduce the damage during transport.
Feel free to call us for further clarifications : Ph: 09865167019